This paper is a product of the Watershed Empowering Citizens programme (2016-2020). The data for this paper was collected during the course of the programme and analysed in January 2021.
The paper comprises of two parts, namely – Part 1: Allocations and Expenditure on Rural WASH, and Part 2: Using the Life-Cycle Cost Approach to understand the Rural WASH budget. As the name suggests, Part I analyses the trends in allocation and expenditure on rural water and sanitation over four years in 4 Gram Panchayats (GPs) – Agastinuagaon, Aryapalli, Kanamana and Podapadar – of Chhatrapur block in Ganjam district of Odisha. It discusses the allocation and expenditure of public finance by the respective local self-government (the GP). Part II of the series dives deep into the analysis of the nature of budgetary allocations made on water and sanitation in the same GPs.
Author: Ruchika Shiva and Shiny Saha
Type: Working/ technical paper